Trees and Forests
Students learn about trees as individual plants and as part of a forest ecosystem. By examining local species, they learn to recognize the characteristics of different trees and develop skill in describing and interpreting the structural features of trees. As part of their studies, students learn about a broad range of living things found on, under and around trees and study the complex interaction between trees and the larger environment. In examining human use of forests, they become aware of a broad range of environmental issues and develop an awareness of the need for responsible use.
The Forest Ecosystem
In this lesson we talk about the forest ecosystem and introduce the terms biotic, abiotic, organisms, producers, consumers, and decomposers.
Levels of the Forests
Students explore the four levels of the forest (canopy, understory, underbrush and forests floor) found in Alberta Canada.
The Energy Cycle
Students learn about the energy cycle in a ecosystem and how producers, consumers and decomposers interact.
Students explore what photosynthesis is and how it helps producers create energy.
Ecomon Battle Cards
Students use their knowledge of ecosystems to develop a card game.
Parts of a Tree
Students explore the different parts of a tree, focusing on the tree trunk.
Students learn how to interpret tree cookie or cross-sections of a tree trunk in order to
Types of Trees
Students learn about the different types of trees in the Albertan ecosystem.
Types of Leaves
Students learn about the types of leaves that each different tree can produce, their benefits and decrements.
Shapes of Trees
Students explore the different shapes of trees and why they grow a specific way.
How We Use the Forest
Students learn how we use the forest and why it is important to preserve it for future generations.
Trees & Forests Review Projects
Student lead videos and activities to help you study or brush up on the Trees and Forest unit.
Students learn about objects in the day and night sky. Through direct observation and research, students learn about the motions and characteristics of stars, moons and planets. Using simple materials, such as balls and beads, students create models and diagrams which they use to explore the relative position and motion of objects in space. As a result of these studies, students move from a simple view of land and sky, to one that recognizes Earth as a sphere in motion within a larger universe. With new understanding, students revisit the topics of seasonal cycles, phases of the Moon and the apparent motion of stars.
Scale of the Universe
Students explore a short video explaining the scale of the Universe and how we, as humans, fit into it.
The Sun Emits Light
Students look at the difference between emitting and reflecting light. Then explore which objects in the sky are emitting or reflecting light.
Our Solar System
Students explore the different planets in our Solar System. Researching a planet of choice for a later project.
Rotation and Revolution
Students explore how the Earth translates through space, as well as why constellation move throughout the year.
Why Seasons Change
Students investigate why seasons change on Earth, looking at the axis of the Earth in relation to the Sun.
Students look into the Moon, its phases and orbit, and the relationship it has with the Earth.
Evidence and Investigation
Students sharpen their skills in observing and interpreting what they see by investigating evidence of human and animal activity. They explore and analyze indoor and outdoor environments as they look for footprints, markings, evidence of disturbance and things that are left behind. Through these studies, students learn to pose questions, devise investigations, recognize patterns and discrepancies, and think logically about what they have observed.
Air and Aerodynamics
Students explore the characteristics of air and the interaction between moving air and solids. They learn that air is a compressible fluid, that it is composed of many gases, and that moving air can support solid materials in sustained flight. By studying birds and airplanes, they learn a variety of adaptations and designs that make flight possible and that provide for propulsion and control.
Students apply their knowledge of aerodynamics to design, build and test a variety of flying devices. In constructing models, students develop a basic design, then build it, test it, and solve the problems that inevitably arise. Through teamwork they learn that planning, communication, cooperation and flexibility are important to the overall result, even though parts of a task can be worked on individually. In the process, students learn about the parts of an aircraft, their role in controlled flight and the differences between aircraft and spacecraft.